University of Sydney Library Newsletter

Issue Nº 46 - June 2003

ISSN 1326-2785
Previous issues - November 2002, and archives

Expired URLs removed.

In this Issue

Librarian's Report

Last year we celebrated the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the commencement of teaching at the University. It was also the sesquicentenary of the University Library. Events of this kind are great opportunities to reflect on the past and to think about the future.

Over the past century and a half, the Library has grown and diversified with the development of the University. There have been times when it has been difficult to maintain collections and services. We have not been alone as few libraries have been able to keep pace with the growth of academic publishing and the rising cost of publications. Fluctuations in exchange rates have been an additional problem for Australian libraries.

The University of Sydney Library has been able to navigate around many of these perils. The generosity of donors has enabled us to acquire items we could otherwise not afford. The annual budget allocation has been testimony of the value which the University community places on the Library. Strategic use of technology has provided another means of staying above the rising tide.

The Library was an early adopter of information technology especially the replacement of print publications with electronic access. This strategy has widened the availability of information particularly journals and lessened pressure on opening hours.

It has also enabled the negotiation of more advantageous contracts with publishers. Much of this negotiation has been achieved through the Council of Australian University Librarians (CAUL) which has brokered deals on behalf of all universities in Australia and New Zealand.

CAUL has advocated the importance of information as integral to the infrastructure to which all university staff and students should have access. This concept is also supported by the Department of Education, Science and Training which has made funding available as part of its Systemic Infrastructure Initiative.

The University of Sydney and twenty-eight other universities recently received funding under this scheme to acquire additional archive files for the Web of Knowledge. This database provides access to a broad range of refereed journals in all disciplines. Negotiations are underway for funding to support the acquisition by all universities of other electronic resources.

The next step in the Library's e-policy will be to examine the feasibility of a national archive of research publications. Central to this concept will be the collection of print copies of journals as a back-up to the electronic format. The success of such an archive would allow individual universities to reduce the space currently used to store backsets of rarely used journals.

This would have significant benefit for the University of Sydney Library as we are rapidly running out of storage space for the collections. Our repository is almost full and changes in occupational health and safety requirements necessitate a reduction in the volume of material stored in many of the libraries, especially the Fisher stack.

Investigation of the national archive will occur as part of the work being undertaken by the Higher Education Information Infrastructure Committee. This committee has been established to provide advice to the Minister for Education, Science and Training, The Hon. Dr Brendan Nelson. At the same time, the Library will be considering the efficacy of acquiring the electronic archives of journals for which it has print copies.

Consideration of the e-future will occur simultaneously with planning for new buildings to house the Law and Science libraries, as well as renovation of the Fisher Library. The University's planning strategy for the Darlington and Camperdown campuses includes the relocation of the Law faculty from Phillip Street to a site adjacent to the Fisher Library. The Law Library will be part of that development.

The plan also includes a student services building which will be sited on City Road adjacent to the Wentworth building. This exciting development includes space for a Science Library. The provision of this facility will allow the amalgamation of the Architecture, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Engineering, Geosciences, Mathematics and Physics collections.

Positive benefits from this project will include longer opening hours and the provision of better facilities for library users. A likely feature of the new Science Library will be improved computing facilities arranged in a variety of environments, ranging from formal classrooms to informal lounge areas. A similar facility is being designed for installation in the Fisher Library during 2004.

Changes in the way in which library facilities are provided have brought different expectations about the way in which they are used. Consequently, the Library regulations have been revised and a new Rule formulated. Details of the proposed Rule are on the Library's website and are advertised elsewhere in this newsletter.

There are a number of other changes which have occurred, or are planned for the Library. At the end of 2002, Judy Campbell retired as Associate University Librarian (Health, Sciences and Technology). Judy was well-known on campus and in the library community for her practical, no-nonsense approach. An appreciation of her contribution to the University is elsewhere in this newsletter.

Also in 2002, Andrea Stern left to join the School of Information Technologies as a senior lecturer. Andrea led the Library Information Technology Services unit through many years of change and development. Her advocacy for the introduction of information technology solutions enabled the Library to make the best use of innovation in order to provide high-quality services to the University.

Among the other staff who left in 2002 was Rosalyn Taylor who headed the Humanities Resources Team. Rosalyn worked in the Serials Department until a reassessment of technical services processes resulted in the establishment of a new team structure. Roslyn's team was responsible for all of the processing duties associated with the acquisition and cataloguing of library materials for Humanities. Rosalyn left us to pursue a range of interests unconnected with libraries or universities.

During the remainder of 2003, the Library will continue planning for the new libraries and for the renovation of the Fisher Library. Finalisation of the revamp of the Badham Library is scheduled for the end of the year with stage one now complete. Effort will also be devoted to preparing for an audit of the University by the Australian Universities Quality Agency.

Preparation for the audit has been underway for some time. In 2002, the Library surveyed its users and over 3,000 replies were received. The survey was part of a national project sponsored by the Council of Australian University Librarians. The overall rating of University of Sydney Library performance was positive and consistent with universities of a similar size and age.

Issues for which the Library received 'could improve' ratings included:

  • computing facilities
  • photocopying
  • signage
  • missing books
  • opening hours

Strategies for addressing these issues are underway.

Consideration is also being given to the changes which will accompany the Government's reform agenda for higher education. It is likely that the emphasis on national infrastructure will encourage a continuation of the existing collaboration between university libraries. At the same time, there is a potential for libraries to target their services and facilities more closely to match changes in university research and teaching profiles.

Whatever happens, the immediate future is unlikely to lack excitement and change. The Library's challenge will be to retain the best of the past while adopting initiatives which provide the University with the best possible services for the support of teaching, learning and research.

John Shipp
University Librarian
25 May 2003

EEBO: Early English Books Online

The Library's acquisition of the Early English Books Online (EEBO) full text database, primarily through benefactor generosity, was celebrated as the Library's five millionth acquisition. Launching the acquisition, Professor Ken Eltis the Acting Vice-Chancellor, said it was "appropriate that the occasion be marked by a significant acquisition which makes the past more accessible by the use of new technology". This acquisition, he said, strengthened the Library's role as an essential partner in learning and research through a unique resource that "opens up rich opportunities for research and makes accessible primary resources never before available to students and staff".

EEBO will provide access to over 125,000 titles published in English between 1473 and 1700. It reproduces the works listed in the English Short Title Catalogues I & II; the Thomason Tracts; and the Early English Books Tracts Supplements, as well as other works more recently identified.

The acquisition of EEBO is a tangible example of how the vision and generosity of benefactors can make a significant and lasting contribution to research and teaching. The Library thanks and acknowledges the following benefactors for their generous assistance:

  • The Richard Hanly Bequest
  • The Daphne Mary Cocks Memorial Fund
  • The Barbara Browning Bequest
  • University support through Research Infrastructure Block Grant funds.

The benefits of acquiring EEBO include:

  • Access for staff and students for the first time to unique primary resources that will provide new forms of access and new research opportunities. This will consolidate existing research focus and strengths across the arts and humanities.
  • Broaden significantly the scope for research activities within the humanities, literature, language, and in law, economics, history and philosophy of science, music and medicine.
  • Provision, for all staff and students, material that was previously only the domain of those few staff funded for research overseas. This access will particularly benefit postgraduate students working in relevant areas of research and study.
  • The use in teaching at undergraduate and honours level of text and images of original works previously only available overseas.
  • Consolidation of the Library's position as the pre-eminent research library in Australia. With the acquisition of EEBO the Library's collection of all periods of English language publication will be complete (we are currently acquiring, in conjunction with the State Library of NSW, the Eighteenth Century Collection, and hold the major Nineteenth and Twentieth Century publications in our print and microfilm collections)

Through the EEBO database users can search the bibliographic citations; browse online the digital images of every page; and download the digital images in PDF format for more extensive viewing and printing.

To enhance access further the Library is participating in the EEBO Text Creation Partnership to create searchable and readable editions of the works in EEBO. Through this initiative users will be able to search across all texts or the text of one work, read the work/s or link directly to the corresponding image files in the EEBO database.

EEBO: Early English Books Online
For further information about these projects, please contact the Humanities Subject Librarians on 9351 3190 or 9315 5859.

Psychology Journals now Online

The Library has expanded its range of Psychology e-journals by adding a core collection of mainly American Psychology Association journals. The collection, called PsycARTICLES, is on the OVID database platform and contains 44 journals from 1998 to present (for most titles) in full-text format.

What is PsycARTICLES?

PsycARTICLES™ is a database of more than 30,000 full-text articles from journals published by the American Psychological Association, the APA Educational Publishing Foundation, the Canadian Psychological Association, and Hogrefe & Huber. The database includes all material from the print journals including errata and letters to the editor, with the exception of advertisements and editorial board lists. The full-text articles are fully searchable and output formats include HTML, Text and PDF. The database is updated daily; average currency is nine days after the print issue is mailed.

For a list of the PsycARTICLES journal titles covered (and coverage dates) see:

Fully accessible from our website

Access PsycARTICLES from the Databases list on the Library's website under PsycARTICLES, or PsycINFO. Individual titles are searchable from the Library Catalogue which links to the contents pages and full-text.

PsycARTICLES Alerting Service

Find out when the next issues of your favourite PsycARTICLES journals are available online using the email alert service from

Should you need further information about PsycARTICLES please contact the Psychology Librarians. We are happy to assist you.

Psychology Librarians:
Christine Tennent
Phone: 9351 3257 (Wed-Fri)

Michael Arndell
Phone: 9351 9426 (Mon-Tues)

Retirement of Judy Campbell, Associate Librarian (Health Sciences and Technology)

Every now and then someone crosses your path and influences not only your direction but also brightens and enriches it. Judy Campbell is one of those people.

It has been a daily pleasure to work with Judy who began her career at the University Library in February 1965. For more than a decade, Judy worked mainly in the Acquisitions Department where she was responsible for the purchase of monographs and other non-serial items. She also spent a period of time as librarian in charge of the Badham Library.

In July 1976, Judy moved to Macquarie University where she took up the position of Acquisitions Librarian. They were heady and exciting times as significant funding was available from the Commonwealth Government for library collection development. Judy worked closely with academic staff at Macquarie to develop the nascent collection which had been established only ten years earlier.

It was during her years as Acquisitions Librarian that Judy established her professional reputation. Her pragmatic approach was coupled with a strong desire to achieve results. The fledgling Macquarie University provided an ideal environment which was largely unfettered with traditions that impeded initiative elsewhere. By the time Judy left Macquarie in February 1990, her managerial ability had been recognised by her appointment to the position of Associate University Librarian (Acquisitions and Budget).

Judy left Macquarie to become Associate Librarian (Resources Management) at the University of NSW. Her new position involved responsibility for a wide range of activities necessary to ensure the efficient operation of library services. Judy oversaw systems, budget, photocopying, document delivery, building and planning as well personnel and industrial relations. To each of these she applied her considerable intellect as well as a sensibility which balanced idealism with a realistic assessment of the benefits achievable from any given situation.

Her approach was not always valued by those who preferred to approach every situation as an opportunity to test the latest management theory. Nor was her need to achieve results appreciated by those hesitant to make decisions or take calculated risks. Judy's efforts were appreciated highly by those who were committed to providing and receiving high quality library services.

In February 1992, Judy returned to the fold as Associate Librarian (Branch Libraries) at the University of Sydney. Her empire included all of the libraries except Fisher. By the end of 1996, the number of libraries totalled twenty, spread over eight campuses. The 1990's saw significant changes in the Branch Libraries Division with Judy overseeing College and departmental libraries joining the University Library system.

Following the Library Review in 1994, Judy worked tirelessly to find suitable accommodation in which to consolidate small libraries in order to improve services to the University community. Once again, Judy's unique blend of pragmatism and idealism triumphed. Her unshakable belief in academic values enabled her to appreciate and defend the needs of students and academic staff while her realism drove her to find the best management solution.

Judy negotiated the merger of the Burkitt and Public Health libraries and their re-emergence as the Burkitt-Ford Library in 1995. A decision to create the School of Geosciences required Judy to manage the merger and relocation of the Geology and Geography libraries. Judy was closely involved in the design of the new Geosciences Library which was opened in the Madsen Building in 1998. Her highly developed spatial skills enable Judy to understand the most complicated architectural drawings and visualize the intended outcome. Many an architect had to readjust his professional superiority once he realised that the female librarian confronting him had identified his ineptitude.

A significant outcome of the 1994 review of the University Library was a decision that all libraries should be administered by the University Librarian. It was to Judy that much of the responsibility for physically integrating former college and departmental libraries fell. She oversaw the Biochemistry, Chemistry and Pharmacy libraries becoming part of the University Library in January 1996. Integration of the Nursing and Sydney Institute of Education libraries in 1990 and the Cumberland College of Health Sciences Library in 1996 was coordinated by Judy. In 1998, the Sydney College of Arts and Orange Agricultural libraries were added to her bailiwick.

A restructure of Library management in January 2000 resulted in Judy Campbell becoming Associate University Librarian (Health, Sciences and Technology). As a consequence of the restructure, Judy no longer had responsibility for the Law, Music, Curriculum Resources and Sydney College of the Arts libraries. Her new responsibilities provided her with an opportunity to redefine the way in which services were offered to the academic units associated with the libraries in her division. Judy clustered libraries into administrative units responsible for services to related discipline areas.

This arrangement enabled Library staff to work more cohesively in order to improve the services provided to their client groups. Life was not always plain sailing but Judy always managed to negotiate troubled waters. Changes in funding arrangements necessitated the relocation of the Wolstenholme, Pharmacy and Chemistry collections. These changes were not universally acclaimed by Library users and Judy did not always believe that they were ideal solutions. Nonetheless, she worked assiduously to ensure that the best outcomes were achieved for all parties.

Throughout her second career at the University of Sydney, Judy Campbell worked zealously to improve the accommodation and physical facilities in the many libraries for which she had responsibility. She was a fervent supporter for the introduction of technology through the Library and was a persistent advocate of the benefits which could be derived from providing access to full-text journals online.

After a career spanning more than thirty seven years, Judy Campbell decided to retire from the University of Sydney in 2003. Judy's friends and colleagues gathered on 5 December 2002 to celebrate her career and to wish her well as she embarked on a period of well-earned long service leave. It was testimony to the affection and respect engendered by association with Judy that so many current and former colleagues throughout the University attended her celebration.

Retirement, however, will not extinguish Judy's enormous commitment, energy, and enthusiasm for life. It will provide her with more time to supervise the house renovations which husband Brian (formerly of the Department of Electrical Engineering) has been undertaking for some time. Not having to divert her energy into the Library matters will provide Judy with more time for the things she cherishes - family, chamber music and all things cultural.

The University has been fortunate to have a staff member as able and dedicated as Judy Campbell. There have been times when she defended a matter of principle in the face of staunch opposition and lost. At other times her championing of a cause galvanized others into action and success. Although she often served as an employer's representative in industrial negotiations, Judy always sought to ensure an equitable balance of staff and University interests even if it meant taking a non-management view.

Whatever the situation, Judy's stance was always based on what she believed was ethical and would serve the best interests of the University and its staff and students. Not everyone agreed with her on all instances but those who worked closely with her admired the force and passion of her argument as well as her courage to advocate. Everyone is replaceable but it will be impossible to replicate the contribution which Judy made to the University during her twenty two years on the staff of the Library.

John Shipp and Leona Nock
19 May 2003

The Australian E-Humanities Gateway

The Australian e-Humanities Gateway was set up under the auspices of the Australian e-Humanities Network, which is a partnership between the Australian Academy of the Humanities, the University of Sydney Library, the Research Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences (RIHSS) and the University of Newcastle.

The Gateway was designed as a reference point for those involved in or seeking information about projects and events concerned with the use of digital resources in humanities disciplines in Australia. Its central component is a searchable database containing details of current projects in the e-Humanities field, across a broad spectrum of disciplines in Australian universities. Individuals are encouraged to submit details of their project for inclusion in the database, acceptance being subject to a review process by the Network. Data is currently stored as an XML file that conforms closely with the Dublin Core as expressed in RDF/XML.

Phase one of the Gateway was launched in November 2002 and comprised a web site, an online forum, news and events, information on training offered, a participatory site that includes information on "going digital" and a searchable database. The database stored the data as a "flat XML file, using a customised version of the DC dtd for "Expressing Simple Dublin Core in RDF/XML". This was indexed and made searchable via the OT (Open Text) search facility available in the Scholarly Electronic Text and Image Service of the University of Sydney Library.

Phase two of the project has now been launched and involved the implementation of a new database architecture and further promotion of the Gateway to add to the number of projects referenced. The data is stored in an MySQL database and utilises some newer technologies such as AxKit, a perl application that delivers dynamic XML pages using xsp and then transformed by XSLT to HTML.


Australian Bureau of Statistics Records now in the Catalogue

The library's web catalogue now contains links to the full text of a wide range of abs publications published in paper format since 1998. The links connect to the abs website and the documents are available as part of the university's subscription to the abs AUSSTATS service.

This means that you can use the catalogue to find links to individual abs publications and display the full text as a pdf document on your desktop. The publications are an electronic version of the paper products that the abs produces, such as:

5422.0 - International merchandise trade, Australia
5625.0 - Private new capital expenditure and expected expenditure to June, Australia
6302.0 - Average weekly earnings, Australia
6401.0 - Consumer price index, Australia

They can be found by searching the catalogue by title, or by the abs catalogue number (eg 6401.0) if you do a keyword search. They will also appear as the result of subject searches, such as:
Wages Australia Statistics Periodicals
OR as the result of keyword searches such as:
Wages and australia* and statistic*

These documents are also available directly via the ABS website at:, as well as via searches of the catalogue.

Ray Penn

HUSSARR - Gateway to French Resources

Designed as a subject gateway, HUSSARR aims to provide greater access for Australian researchers to French-based resources in the humanities and social sciences. The gateway, which is the result of the access to French based research resources project, offers access to an increasing number of francophone web sites through the HUSSARR database. The database is searchable by title, author, subject or keyword. These searches look only within the database, not the internet as a whole, so the results should be more relevant to research needs. Most of the resources identified through the database are available online. The research links in HUSSARR also provide convenient access to two significant full text databases - Gallica and Athena - which together hold over 80,000 texts ranging from Alain-Fournier to Montaigne to Voltaire.

HUSSARR, however, offers more than access to electronic texts. It also provides researchers with valuable information about the substantial holdings of, as yet, uncatalogued French material and collections in Australian libraries. It lists, for example, the Mauritius collection of Andre de Chapuiset le Merle and the Pelli collection both held at the National Library.

Further information on French resources in Australia is available in the section on Australian library holdings of French resources. HUSSARR also includes direct links to overseas library catalogues, French and Quebecois booksellers, and a number of French web search engines.

HUSSARR is accessible through the library's homepage at

The list of uncatalogued material in Australian libraries is at

University of Sydney (Library) Rule 2003

In accordance with section 37 (1) of the University of Sydney Act, and pursuant to Chapter 6 of the University of Sydney By-law 1999, it is proposed to promulgate a new Rule governing the use of the University of Sydney Library services and facilities.

Details of the current regulations and the proposed rule may be read at all locations of the University of Sydney Library and on official University noticeboards. The Library's website also contains details of the proposed Rule and the existing Library Regulations:

The Rule will come into force on 1 July 2003 unless there are significant written objections which necessitate re-drafting.

Comments regarding the proposed Rule may be sent to the University Librarian or to