4.6 Test yourself
Test yourself on scholarly materials and academic honesty issues
Quiz: Scholarly material and academic honesty
Select the best answer for each question.
Which of the following resources would be considered to be scholarly materials? (You may choose more than one option)
- A peer-reviewed journal by a respected academic
- An article from a magazine aimed at the general population
- An article written by a Government lobby group
- A book published by an academic press
When you are paraphrasing from an original text, which of the following is the most important for you to consider:
- The meaning of the original text
- The organisation of the original text
- The purpose of the original author
- The points that the original author has highlighted
Casey has been given the following essay topic:
Discuss the challenges in agreeing on a single portrayal of Australian history and on what it means to be 'an Australian'.
She has found the two sources below, both of which seem relevant to her topic.
"... the understanding of what it is to be a patriotic Australian citizen has changed over time. It has also meant different things for different people. Being a patriotic Australian citizen has been different for Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons born in Australia, British migrants, non-British migrants, women and children."
Haynes, B. (2009). History teaching for patriotic citizenship in Australia. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 41(4), 424-440.
"Retrospective commemoration refers to the effort of state authorities ... to express a more inclusive narrative of the nation ... by retrospectively commemorating a wider number of communities and people who have been officially identified as having contributed to Australia's 'national development'. New histories, or the emergence of previously hidden histories, also drive retrospective memorialisation."
Ashton, P. (2009). The birthplace of Australian multiculturalism? Retrospective commemoration, participatory memorialisation and official heritage. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 15(5), 381-398.
Casey tries three different ways of paraphrasing information from these two sources to include in her essay. Which one is the most successful? (Make sure you keep in mind the topic of Casey's essay when answering this question.)
- It is too simplistic to suggest that someone could be a typical 'Australian', given the differing experiences and backgrounds of every Australian (Haynes, 2009, p. 427), let alone their inherent individuality. However, Ashton (2009) suggests that an "inclusive narrative" of Australia as a nation is still possible by recognising the various "previously hidden histories" of many Australian communities (p. 382). This is possibly a more constructive way to view the story of Australia and its inhabitants.
- Our understanding of what it is to be an Australian has changed over the years. Being Australian has also been very different for a variety of people. Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons born in Australia, British migrants, non-British migrants, women and children have all had different perspectives on being Australian (Haynes, 2009, p. 427). Such differences are recognised by retrospective commemoration, whereby the government attempts to include the broader stories of all Australians who have contributed to the shaping of the nation (Ashton, 2009, p. 82).
- Being an Australian has changed over time, but no matter whether you are an Indigenous Australian, a British migrant, a non-British migrant, a woman or a child, if you have been a part of the Australian story than you are an Australian (Haynes, 2009, p. 427). The government recognises this by including all Australians in the national narrative (Ashton, 2009, p. 427).